Geography of Jordan

Latitude/Longitude (Capital City)

31º 57′ N, 35º 56′ E

Relative Location
Jordan is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. Positioned in the Middle East, a recognized geographical region of southwestern Asia, the country is bordered by Israel, Syria (Golan Heights), Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Border countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

Land Statistics
Coastline: 16 miles (26 km)
Land Areas:

  • (land) 35,510 sq miles (91,971 sq km)
  • (water) 127 sq miles (329 sq km)

Land: boundaries
Total: 1,635 km

Jordan is generally a flat desert plateau, east and west, as the western edges of the Syrian and Ard As Sawwan deserts stretch across the land. In the west, the Great Rift Valley (high hills and mountains) separates the East and West Banks of the Jordan River. Significant bordering bodies of water include the Dead Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Sea of Galilee.

Highest Point: Jabal Ram – 5,689 ft. (1,734 m)
Lowest Point: Dead Sea – (-1,349 ft.) (-411 m) below sea level
Land Divisions: 12 governorates, including: Ajlun, Al ‘Aqabah, Al Balqa’, Al Karak, Al Mafraq, ‘Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa’, Irbid, Jarash, Ma’an and Madaba.
Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil
Land use: arable land: 2.67% – permanent crops: 1.83% – other: 95.5% (2001)
Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1998 est.)

Related tours

$905.00 Petra treasury

5 Days / 4 Nights – Jordan Explorer

Discover the highlights of Jordan’s capital
On this private 5 days tour, you will explore the antiquities at Amman Citadel and Archaeological Museum & visit the 2nd-century Roman Theater. Also

$600.00 Petra from above

3 Days/ 2 Nights- Arrival Allenby, Petra, Dead Sea

Pick up from Allenby Bridge and head south to the ancient ruins of the Rose City in Petra with an overnight and float in the healing waters of the lowest

$1,185.00 Camel at Wadi Rum

7 Days/ 6 Nights- Jordan in a week

See some of the world’s most impressive sights on this private 7 days tour of Jordan. Ride a 4×4 through the Wadi Rum desert valley, swim in the Dead Sea

$1,235.00 Treasury

7 Days/ 6 Nights- Jordan Cultural Tour

See some of the world’s most impressive sights on this private, 7 days tour of Jordan, Ride a 4×4 through the Wadi Rum desert valley with overnight at bedouin camp,